- parks of technological development which are created on the basis of the scientific technical potential existing in the host country, but with participation of the foreign capital and with use of the progressive equipment, nou-Hau, and also foreign administrative, commercial and marketing experience;
Many countries creating SEZ consider that they will promote development of backward areas in economic sense, modernization of technologies, receiving new nou-Hau, to training of own experts and workers in new methods of work, and also use of own raw material resources for production of export production.
Thus, it is possible to draw a conclusion that "the new course" of F. Roosevelt assumed realization of two interconnected criterion functions: first (tactical) - a conclusion of the USA from a crisis situation; second (strategic) - creation of economic bases of society, a socially oriented market economy.
Expelled from the primordial earth, peasants, having lost any means of livelihood, represented the main source of wage labor for the capitalist enterprises. To this group of unfortunate poor people the people who lost means of livelihood as a result of the reformation which is carried out in England in the middle of the 16th century, abolition over 3 thousand English Catholic monasteries and confiscation by the state of their property and lands increased.
Process of initial accumulation created in the country not only the hired force and the capital, but also necessary domestic market: the ruined small producers became also sellers of the labor, and buyers of means of livelihood.
The overwhelming number of the enterprises in the existing SEZ-are the enterprises of light industry. They make textiles and clothes, consumer electronics, a sports equipment, products from plastic, furniture, the food. However founders of some free zones went on other way and began to promote development of the enterprises of the heavy industry. For example, in Ghana the SEZ enterprises are engaged in processing of the bauxites extracted there in alumina and aluminum.
Implementation of industrialization in branches of the light and food industry allowed to save up the considerable capitals in rather short terms and to attract them in branch of the heavy industry which as a result of industrial revolution starts developing in England fast rates. Technical revolution happened in metallurgy, in transport, in a mining industry, and, above all such branch of a national economy as mechanical engineering arose and started developing.
Experience of the manufactory organization a suknodeliya had huge value during preparation of production of goods for industrial revolution. But in the 18th century the manufactory system in the most developed branches of the English industry reached a deadlock. Discrepancy between the capitalist nature of the manufactory seeking for production expansion and its narrow technical basis affected. Though the manufactory also provided a production partition on separate operations, but the manual equipment became obsolete. The new technical base was required.
Essentially important feature of a market mechanism consists in the heavy mutual responsibility of firms and the states based on special methods of relief of discipline of the economic relations through punishment of bad performers and remuneration good, by use of a set of levers of economic control.
In economic zones of the United Arab Emirates a number of chemical, petrochemical m of the automobile companies works. Creation of the enterprises of the heavy industry in free zones is connected with their natural resources.
Creation of labor camps allowed the unemployed to survive in the conditions of crisis, to soften social tension, and to conduct the works demanding a big investment of labor. The same works performed by construction companies would be much more expensive to the state.
Initial accumulation of the capital provided industrial upsurge in the country. In the second half of the 16th eyelid fast development of various industries is observed: final finishing of cloth, soap manufacture, shipbuilding, production of gunpowder, paper, saltpeter, sugar, coal production, etc.